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Flat

Impulse Diagonal Zigzag Flat Triangle Combination

Rules

Regular Flat
Regular Flat
  • A flat always subdivides into three waves.
  • Wave A is never a triangle.
  • Wave C is always an impulse or a diagonal triangle.
  • Wave B always retraces at least 90 percent of wave A.

Guidelines

  • Wave B usually retraces between 100 and 138 percent of wave A.
  • Wave C is usually between 100 and 165 percent as long as wave A.
  • Wave C usually ends beyond the end of wave A.

Notes

Expanded Flat
Expanded Flat
  • When wave B is more than 105 percent as long as wave A and wave C ends beyond the end of wave A, the entire formation is called an expanded flat.
  • When wave B is more than 100 percent as long as wave A and wave C does not end beyond the end of wave A, the entire formation is called a running flat.
    Running Flat
    Running Flat

Impulse Diagonal Zigzag Flat Triangle Combination

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